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Worcester Icecats Hockey
The Hockey Primer

The Team
The hockey team is composed of 6 people. There is the goalkeeper, right & left defense, right & left wings, and center.
  • The goalkeeper is what you expect... his objective is to prevent scoring by the other team by blocking their shots.
  • The Right & Left Defense block shots and attempt to keep their goal area clear of the puck.
  • The Right & Left Wings are like forwards in a soccer match. They move up and back, setting up shots in coordination with the center.
  • The Center is the king of the game, working in coordination with the Wings, he usually makes shots or sets up plays.


The Calls
There are three basic calls made during hockey games that have large impact:

  • Offside Pass is called when a player on offensive passes the puck across his own blue line (1/3 of way to goal line from center line) AND the center line to a teammate.
  • Offside Call is made when a player passes his opponent's far back line before the puck. It is redressed by a face-off in the neutral zone.
  • Icing Puck is made when a player passes his puck from his side of the center line to the far side of the opponent's goal line. A face-off on one of the circles in the offender's ice is held.
  • Other calls are made for the players' safety. They include hooking (hooking player with stick), spearing (stabbing player with stick), elbowing, tripping, and others. These result in the guilty player spending time in the "penalty box." Major offenses such as fighting or using bad words toward an official may result in more time in the penalty box. When someone is in a penalty box (most of the time) the team must play with only 5 people. During the penalty time, the opposing team is considered to have a "powerplay" if they send five players into the attack zone - taking advantage of the penalized team's weakness.


Game Length
There are 3 periods per game. If there is no winner at the end of regulation, overtime periods are played until there is a winner.


Hockey Terms

  • Board Check - To bodycheck an opponent into the boards.
  • Bodycheck - To block the puck carrier or person from other team going for the puck by hitting him from the front or side ( also above the knees ) with the upper part of your body.
  • Breakaway - A play in which one or more offensive players are moving in on goal with fewer defenders than attackers.
  • Charging - This taking more than two strides before running into an opponent.
  • Cross Check - To hit an opponent illegally with the stick held by both hands in front of the body and no part of the stick is on the ice.
  • Elbowing - Hitting an opponent with your elbow.
  • Hat trick - The scoring of three goals by the same player in the same game .
  • Head-Man - To pass the puck to a teammate closer to an opponent's goal during a rush.
  • High -Sticking - carrying the stick above the permissable heighth or injuring an opponent with a high stick .
  • Icing - Shooting the puck from within the defensive zone ( half in pro play ) of the ice across the opponent's goal line , when play is picked up by an opponent other than the goalie.
  • Interference - Checking or hampering an opponent who does not have the puck or is not attempting to gain possession. Offside Pass - An illegal pass made from the defensive zone to a player in the neutral zone across the red line.
  • Penalty- a suspension for foul play for two ( minor penalty) , five ( major penalty) , or ten ( misconduct penalty) minutes or for the remainder of the game ( match penalty) .
  • PenaltyKiller - Player assigned by a shorthanded team to defend against the power play .
  • Penalty Shot - Unhindered shot at the goal ( defended only by the goalie ) , awarded for certain infractions by the opponent. The puck is dead after the shot.
  • Poke Check - Hitting the puck away from the puck carrier by poking or hooking , or sweeping the puck free.
  • Power Play - When one team has more players on the ice than the other( because of a peanalty ) and attacks.
  • Slap Pass - A pass deflected on to another player without gaining full control of the puck .
  • Slap Shot - Hard swinging stroke in which the stick blade hits the ice just behind the puck , usually causing it to leave the ice.
  • Slashing - Swinging the stick at an opponent .
  • Spearing - Jabbing the opponent with the point of the stick blade or the head of the stick .
  • Standup Goalie - A goalkeeper who attempts to stop most shots while standing up , rather than by dropping to the ice .


Types of Penalties

  • Bench Penalty Abusive lanauge or other acts of poor conduct from bench players.
    Penalty: 2 mins.
  • Butt-Ending - Hitting an opponent with the handle end of the stick .
    The ref signal: Jabbing imaginary stick handle .
    Penalty: 5 mins.
  • Boarding - violently checking an opponent into the boards.
    Penalty : 2 or 5 Mins .
    Ref signal: Pounding the closed fist of one hand into the open palm of the other hand.
  • Broken Stick - Using a Broken stick
    Penalty: 2 mins.
  • Cross - Checking - Hitting an opponent with a stick held by both hands, and no part of the stick is on the ice.
    Penalty: 2or 5 mins.
    Ref signals: Foward/backward motion of clenched fists.
  • Charging - Taking more than three strides to check an opponent.
    Penalty: 2 or 5 mins.
    Ref signals: Rotating clenched fists around one another.
  • Delay of game - Any deliberate attempt to stop the game.
    Penalty: 2 mins
  • Elbowing - Hitting an opponent with an elbow.
    Penalty: 2 - 5 mins
    Ref signals: Tapping elbow with opposite hand.
  • Fighting - using fists. etc.
    Penalty: 1 or 5 mins.
  • Holding - Grabbing an opponent or opponent's game equipment to stop his play .
    Penalty: 2 mins .
    Ref signals: clasping the wrist of the whistle hand.
  • Hooking - Using the blade of the stick to impede an opponent's progress.
    Penalty : 2 mins
    Ref signals: A tugging motion with both hands as if he is holding a stick.
  • High - Sticking - carrying a stick above shoulder level or hitting an opponent with a stick above waist level. A puck that enters the goal via a high stick does not count.
    Penalty: 2 or 5 mins
    Ref signals: Clenched fists as as if he is holding a stick
  • Interference - Body contact to obstruct any player not in possession of the puck.
    Penalty: 2 mins
    Ref signals: Arms crossed in fronth of chest with hands exposed.
  • Icing - Shooting the puck from within the defensive zone ( half in pro play ) of the ice across the opponent's goal line , when play is picked up by an opponent other than the goalie.
    Ref signals: Arms folded against chest with hands buried . Prior to an icing call, one ref may hold his arm in the air indicating possible icing until other ref does likewise and blows whistle to stop play.
  • Kneeing - Driving a knee into an opponent.
    Penalty: 2 or 5 mins
    Ref signals: tapping the knee.
  • Misconduct - Called against an individual for flagrant poor sportsmanship or when a player is whistled for a second, major 5 min penalty . A substitute is permitted.
    Penalty : 10 mins
    Ref signals : Both hands placed on hips, then point to penalized player.
  • Off -Sides - An attacking player precedes the puck across the opponent's blue line. Both Skates must be over the blue line to be called.Results in faceoff.
  • Penalty Shot - Unhindered shot at the goal ( defended only by the goalie ) , awarded for certain infractions by the opponent. The puck is dead after the shot
  • Penalty - a suspension for foul play
    Types of penalties:
    • Minor 2 mins
    • Major penalty: 5 mins
    • Misconduct penalty: 10 mins
    • Match penalty: For the remainder of the game.
  • Roughing - Any unnecessary roughness.
    Penalty: 1 or 2 mins
    Ref signals: Arm extended with clenched fist.
  • Spearing - Jabbing the opponent with the point of the stick blade or the head of the stick .
    Penalty: 5 mins.
    Ref signals: Jabbing motion with imaginary stick.
  • Slashing - Swinging the stick at an opponent.
    Penalty: 2 or 5 mins
    Ref signals: A chopping motion with one hand to the forearm.
  • Tripping - Using the stick, leg / legs, hand / hands to trip an opponent.
    Penalty: 2 mins
    Ref signals: Striking the right leg with the right hand below the knee, keeping both skates on the ice.
  • Too Many Men - A team having to many men on the ice at one time - more than 6 players
    Penalty: 2 mins
  • Washout - Goal disallowed or no icing or no off-side call.
    Ref signals: Both arms swung laterally across the body, with the palms down.
Worcester IceCats Hockey
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Worcester IceCats Hockey

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